Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: Insufficient coolant temperature for closed loop fuel control
Refer to dtc p0115 (see page es-105).
The resistance of the ect sensor varies in proportion to the actual ect. The ect supplies a constant voltage to the sensor and monitors the signal output voltage of the sensor. The signal voltage output varies according to the changing resistance of the sensor. After the engine is started, the ect is monitored through this signal. If the ect sensor indicates that the engine is not yet warm enough for closed-loop fuel control, despite a specified period of time having elapsed since the engine was started, the ecm interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor or cooling system and sets the dtc.
Example: the ect is 0°c (32°f) at engine start. After about 1 minute running time, the ect sensor still indicates that the engine is not warm enough to begin closed-loop fuel (air-fuel ratio feedback) control. The ecm interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor or cooling system and sets the dtc.
Typical enabling conditions
Typical malfunction thresholds
Refer to dtc p0115 (see page es-106).
- If any of dtcs p0115, p0116, p0117 or p0118 are set simultaneously with dtc p0125, the engine coolant temperature (ect) sensor may have an open or a short circuit. Troubleshoot those dtcs first.
- Read freeze frame data using the intelligent tester. Freeze frame data records the engine condition when malfunctions are detected. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air-fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.
- Check any other dtcs output (in addition to dtc p0125)
- Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
- Turn the ignition switch on.
- Turn the tester on.
- Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / current codes.
- Read dtcs.
If any dtcs other than p0125 are output, troubleshoot those dtcs first.
- Inspect thermostat
- Remove the thermostat (see page co-15).
- Check the valve opening temperature of the thermostat.
Standard value: 80 to 84°c (176 to 183°f)
In addition to the above check, confirm that the valve is completely closed when the temperature is below the standard.
- Reinstall the thermostat (see page co-15).
- Check cooling system
- Check for defects in the cooling system that might cause the system to be too cold, such as abnormal radiator fan operation or any modifications.